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M. Siudek, K. Małek, A. Pollo, B. R. Granett, M. Scodeggio, T. Moutard, A. Iovino, L. Guzzo, B. Garilli, M. Bolzonella, et al.
Published: 26 March 2019
by HAL
Abstract: The letter submitted to MNRAS, 6 pages, 4 figures. Please contact Malgorzata Siudek ([email protected]) if you are interested in the catalogue
J. -P. Luminet
Published: 26 March 2019
by HAL
Abstract: Who was Ulugh Beg? A prince who governed a province in the central Asian empire built by his grandfather Tamerlane. Above all, he was a scholar who founded the Samarkand astronomical observatory, whose work predated that of the best astronomers in Europe one and a half centuries later.
C. Neiner, J. -C. Bouret, C. Evans, the Pollux Hot Stars working group
Published: 26 March 2019
by HAL
Abstract: 4 pages, 3 figures, proceedings of the SF2A 2018 meeting
Maria Michaelidou, Susan Whitten, Priti Bajaj, Alastair Knight, Helen A. Spoudeas
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Volume 32, pp 207-213; doi:10.1515/jpem-2018-0067

Abstract: Background We previously reported improved persistence and adherence to daily recombinant growth hormone (rGH) in children using jet transjection delivery compared to using needle-based devices. This study examines the relationship between improved adherence and medium-term growth outcomes in children receiving jet-delivered rGH (JrGH) at a single centre. Methods This was a retrospective longitudinal follow-up study of children (® with the Zomajet® device. Delivery schedules of home distribution services were utilised to calculate adherence, quantified as the proportion of days covered (PDC) index (PDC > 0.8 adherent, PDC ≤ 0.8 less adherent). Demography, patient history, height standard deviation scores (HTSDS) and difference from mid-parental height SDS (MPHSDS − HTSDS) were extracted from hospital records for up to 3 years of treatment. Results Of 75 patients eligible for JrGH, 52 had PDC treatment and height data for at least 1 year and 22 for 3 years. A greater proportion of patients were classified as adherent in both 1- and 3-year treated cohorts (adherent 30 [57.7%] and 14 [63.6%], less adherent 22 [42.3%] and 8 [36.4%]). After 1 year of JrGH treatment, HTSDS was not significantly different in either adherence group. After 3 years, only adherent patients demonstrated sustained year-on-year increments in HTSDS and significant improvement in target HTSDS positions (by 1.32 SDS) compared to baseline (p = 0.0008). MPHSDS – HTSDS showed a similar significant improvement at 3 years in adherent patients only (p = 0.0043). Conclusions Patients adherent to JrGH demonstrate significant growth improvement compared to baseline over 3 years.
Zeitschrift für Sozialreform, Volume 65; doi:10.1515/zsr-2019-frontmatter1

Published: 26 March 2019
Radiochimica Acta, Volume 107; doi:10.1515/ract-2019-frontmatter4

Thilo Moshagen
Journal of Numerical Mathematics, Volume 27, pp 23-36; doi:10.1515/jnma-2017-0073

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Clément Coquery, Claire Negrell, Nicolas Caussé, Nadine Pébère, Ghislain David
Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 91, pp 509-521; doi:10.1515/pac-2018-0509

Abstract: Two grades of chitosan [chitosan 30000 g mol−1 (N-chitosan 30) and 250000 g mol−1 (N-chitosan 250)] were functionalized by the Kabachnik–Fields reaction. To obtain the highest phosphonic ester grafting rate (55% and 40% for the N-chitosan 30 and N-chitosan 250, respectively), the pH must be kept constant during the reaction (pH=5). Then, a partial hydrolysis of the ester functions was carried out in HCl medium to generate phosphonic acid functions up to 25% and 20% for the N-chitosan 30 and N-chitosan 250, respectively. It was shown that the grafting of phosphonic acids on chitosan significantly reduced the dynamic viscosity. Afterwards, electrochemical impedance measurements were performed in an aqueous solution (pH=5) in the presence of either N-chitosans or P-chitosans (3 wt.%). The two native N-chitosans were little adsorbed onto the carbon steel surface and the corrosion protection was low. In contrast, the impedance results in the presence of the 30000 g mol−1 phosphorylated chitosan (P-chitosan 30) evidenced the beneficial effect of grafted phosphonic acid on its adsorption on the steel surface. The lower efficiency of the 250000 g mol−1 (P-chitosan 250) was attributed to its high molecular weight which made difficult the interactions between the phosphonic groups and the metallic surface.
Hailemariam Gebru, Xin Wang, Zhenjiang Li, Jingjing Liu, Jiaxi Xu, Haixin Wang, Songquan Xu, Fulan Wei, Hui Zhu, Kai Guo
Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 91, pp 363-374; doi:10.1515/pac-2018-0604

Abstract: Catechol moiety offers a versatile platform in the preparation of functionalized polymers, but it is not usually compatible with catalysis in polymerizations. To address these challenges, we suggest employment of one Brønsted base in masking the activity of catechol moiety and to modulate the polymerization. Based on this strategy, the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of sarcosine N-carboxyanhydrides (Sar-NCA) was carried out using dopamine hydrochloride as an initiator and triethylamine as a Brønsted base. PSar with predicted molecular weights (Mn,NMR=3.7 kg mol−1) and narrow dispersities (ĐN-butyl glycine N-carboxyanhydrides (Bu-Gly-NCA) from the PSar in one-pot produced catechol end-functionalized amphiphilic polysarcosine-block-poly(N-butyl glycine) diblock copolypeptoids (cat-PSar-b-PGlyBu). Further, cat-PSar-b-PGlyBu enabled the aqueous dispersion of manganese oxide nanoparticles which was attributable to the anchor of the diblock copolymers onto the surface of the nanoparticles. The strategy for catechol masking and polymerization mediating by one Brønsted base offered a new avenue into the synthesis of catechol-ended block copolymers.
Malika Pedley, Alain Viaut
Published: 26 March 2019
Multilingua, Volume 38, pp 133-139; doi:10.1515/multi-2018-0025

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