Community-Based Virtual Power Plants: Against All Odds?
Proceedings , Volume 20; doi:10.3390/proceedings2019020025
Abstract: Based on a European project entitled “Community-based Virtual Power Plants’ (Interreg 2017–2010) this paper discusses opportunities for community energy projects—focusing on the example of community-based virtual power plants. Using a business model canvas as heuristic and the Dutch demonstration case as an example, we show how a business model following a community logic is unfeasible in practice. The current institutional context compels community based cVPP initiatives to partially abandon such community-based values, in order to be able to survive in the energy services market. It is concluded that more attention is needed for institutional change since the current institutional bias that hinders cVPP projects is also hindering a more inclusive energy transition.
Keywords: Business models / Virtual Power Plants / lock-in / community energy / Institutional Conditions
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