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PREDICTORS OF CHRONICKIDNEY DISEASEINHUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS PATIENTS

M.O. Andrushchak
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis pp 32-37; doi:10.31450/ukrjnd.1(57).2018.02

Abstract: Purpose: to determine the frequency of diagnosis and predictors of renal disease in HIV-infected patients. Patients and methods. 292 HIV-infected patients, who were on an outpatient screening at the Chernivtsi Regional AIDS Center, were screened. Results CKD was diagnosed in 153 out of292 (52.4%) of the examined patients. among which 105 (36.0%) patients were diagnosed with isolated albuminuria/proteinuria, 48 (16.4%) patients had albuminuria /proteinuria, in combination with a decrease in glomerular filtration rate. It has been established that the presence of proteinuria in HIV infection is accompanied by a significantly higher level of HIV RNA compared to patients without this symptom (p < 0.01). At the same time, the average amount of CD4+-lymphocytes in blood serum in patients with proteinuria is significantly lower than in HIV-infected individuals who did not show kidney damage. The difference between the values of the ratios of CD4+/CD8+-lymphocytes in the analyzed groups (p < 0,05) is also significant. In most patients who were in the III-IV clinical stage of HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy (ART) was effective and reduced the viral load. Therefore, it is obvious that the amount of HIV-RNA in the blood of these individuals was significantly lower compared to patients who did not receive such treatment. At the same time, the burden of HIV, as well as the number of CD4+-lymphocytes in the representatives of the comparable groups did not differ (p > 0.05). Conclusion. The main predictors of kidney damage in HIV-infected are: high viral load, decrease in absolute numbers. CD4+-lymphocytes less than 200. Co-infection with hepatitis B and/ or C viruses does not affect the level of proteinuria and GFR in HIV-infected patients.
Keywords: Treatment / virus / HIV / viral load / Lymphocytes / patients / Proteinuria / CD4 / level / Decrease

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