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Autonomous Navigation of a Team of Unmanned Surface Vehicles for Intercepting Intruders on a Region Boundary

Published: 4 January 2021
 by  MDPI AG
 in Sensors
Sensors , Volume 21; doi:10.3390/s21010297

Abstract: We study problems of intercepting single and multiple invasive intruders on a boundary of a planar region by employing a team of autonomous unmanned surface vehicles. First, the problem of intercepting a single intruder has been studied and then the proposed strategy has been applied to intercepting multiple intruders on the region boundary. Based on the proposed decentralised motion control algorithm and decision making strategy, each autonomous vehicle intercepts any intruder, which tends to leave the region by detecting the most vulnerable point of the boundary. An efficient and simple mathematical rules based control algorithm for navigating the autonomous vehicles on the boundary of the see region is developed. The proposed algorithm is computationally simple and easily implementable in real life intruder interception applications. In this paper, we obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a real-time solution to the considered problem of intruder interception. The effectiveness of the proposed method is confirmed by computer simulations with both single and multiple intruders.
Keywords: navigation / multi-agent systems / Mobile robots / robot control / guidance / autonomous vehicles / autonomous systems / interception / multi-robot systems / Unmanned Surface Vehicles / USVs / Border Protection / Distributed robotic networks / decentralised navigation algorithms / decentralised sliding mode control

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