The idea of freedom in education: thinking, education, values choice
Osvitolohiya pp 8-14; doi:10.28925/2226-3012.2018.7.814
Abstract: The article examines the problem of freedom and autonomy of the individual in terms of education. In the context of freedom, the problem of the formation and development of a person, who will have to become the author of his or her life, is solved. Freedom manifests itself not only in the acts of choice, but in all activities, including thinking. Freedom of thinking involves the responsibility of individuals for what they think,since the thought becomes objective with the time. This process requires control, which is carried out at the expense of a critical reflection of thinking. In its turn, it generates intellectual freedom, which is an important part of the influence on the person's perceptions and convictions.Personal autonomy is understood as the ability to perform conscious choice The author analyzes the problem of norms, important for reflexive activity and identity formation. Freedom finds its most complete expression at the place and at the time when a person thinks and acts in harmony with rational necessity, which, first of all, focuses on positive values. This requires the release of creative thought, the activities of which do not deprive them of the conditional norms and regulations. An intelligent person is the one who knows how to think and act in different situations of social life and make choices. A person is free only to the extent that he adequately responds to rational requirements: the more he understands what he has to think and do, the greater his freedom. Learning autonomy involves the rational organization of the educational system. It pledges to provide individuals with resources to make free choices from the standpoint of a conscious necessity and to determine the prospects for further life, principles and ideas of social development.
Keywords: thinking / autonomy / social / norms / formation / freedom / person / necessity / author / conscious
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