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Inhibition of HepG-2 Cells (Liver Cancer Cell Line) Viability by 3-Hydroxypyridine-2-Carboxaldehyde N(4)-Methylthiosemicarbazone

Edrees Khan Rahmatzada, Paras Nath Yadav, Yuba Raj Pokharel
International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology , Volume 8, pp 88-97; doi:10.31033/ijrasb.8.2.11

Abstract: Thiosemicarbazone have the antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer effects. 3-OH-Me-TSC inhibited the cell viability of HepG-2 cells by CV assay in a concentration dependent manner (control, 1μM, 3μM, 10μM, 30μM, and 100μM) with IC50 value of 9.587622μM. Further colony formation assay demonstrated that 3-OH-Me-TSC inhibits colony number and size of HepG-2. Wound healing assay exhibited that 3-OH-Me-TSC inhibit the migration of HepG-2 cells. DAPI staining showed that 3-OH-Me-TSC inhibited proliferation of HepG-2 cells in 30μM and 100μM concentrations respectively. 3-OH-Me-TSC inhibited VEGF, p38 alpha, C-JUN, BECN-1, ERK, NF-KB, in HepG-2 cells. We found that 3-OH-Me-TSC inhibit proliferation of HepG-2 cells by inhibiting MAPK signaling pathway, 3-OH-Me-TSC can be developed as future chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma after the evaluation of this compounds in more cancer cells an in vivo model.
Keywords: Viability / model / proliferation / treatment / antiviral / colony / TSC / HepG / 100μM / 30μM

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