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The Management Problem of Miliary Tuberculosis in the Service of Pneumo-Phtisiology at the National References University Teaching Hospital of N’Djamena (Chad): About 103 Cases

Mahamat Ali Bolti, Rangar Ngakoutou, Abdoulaye Ahmet, Mad-Toingue Joseph, Dluida Dieudonné, Lodoum Mbainadji, Josephine Toralta, Meurde Nemian, Lucien Allawaye, Koboye Bonté Adjougoulta,
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Abstract: Introduction: Miliary tuberculosis (MT) is a rare form of tuberculosis (TB) and it is a major public health problem in our countries with limited resources. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective and descriptive study that started from 1st January 2018 to 31 December 2020 at the pneumo-phtisiology service of the CHU-RN of N’Djamena., All records of patients aged at least 15 years treated for miliary tuberculosis confirmed by X-ray chest were included in our study. Results: The prevalence of TD was 1.5% (n = 103) of all TB diagnosed in the service. The sex ratio was 1.34. The average age was 37.7 years with extremes ranging from 19 to 80 years. A low social economic level was found in 75.7%. The principal comorbidity found in this study was HIV with the prevalence of (22.3%). The general signs were dominated by deterioration of general condition (96.1%) and fever (91.3%). The main symptoms were cough (85.4%) and dyspnea (52.4%). The radiology of chest found a homogeneous dissemination and symmetrical in both lung fields in 100% of cases. Our study reported that 14 (13.6%) of death cases were found among patients. Conclusion: TM is a severe form of TB; it affects a young population in our context. Mortality remains high with prevalence of 13.6% of cases. Early management would improve the prognosis.
Keywords: Miliary Tuberculosis / CHU-RN / N’Djamena (Chad)

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