Pharmacology of TRPC Channels and Its Potential in Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology , Volume 62; https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-pharmtox-030121-122314
Abstract: Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) proteins assemble to form homo- or heterotetrameric, nonselective cation channels permeable to K+, Na+, and Ca2+. TRPC channels are thought to act as complex integrators of physical and chemical environmental stimuli. Although the understanding of essential physiological roles of TRPC channels is incomplete, their implication in various pathological mechanisms and conditions of the nervous system, kidneys, and cardiovascular system in combination with the lack of major adverse effects of TRPC knockout or TRPC channel inhibition is driving the search of TRPC channel modulators as potential therapeutics. Here, we review the most promising small-molecule TRPC channel modulators, the understanding of their mode of action, and their potential in the study and treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Volume 62 is January 2022. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
Keywords: mode of action / TRPC channel / channels / Pharmacology / proteins / treatment / Cardiovascular and Metabolic / channel modulators
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