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Defining the adult hippocampal neural stem cell secretome: In vivo versus in vitro transcriptomic differences and their correlation to secreted protein levels

Jiyeon K. Denninger, X. Chen, Altan M. Turkoglu, Patricia Sarchet, Abby R. Volk, Joshua D. Rieskamp, Pearlly Yan, Sciprofile linkElizabeth D. Kirby
Published: 1 May 2020
Brain Research , Volume 1735; doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2020.146717

Abstract: Adult hippocampal neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs) secrete a variety of proteins that affect tissue function. Though several individual NSPC-derived proteins have been shown to impact key cellular processes, a broad characterization is lacking. Secretome profiling of low abundance stem cell populations is typically achieved via proteomic characterization of in vitro, isolated cells. Here, we identified hundreds of secreted proteins in conditioned media from in vitro adult mouse hippocampal NSPCs using an antibody array and mass spectrometry. Comparison of protein abundance between antibody array and mass spectrometry plus quantification of several key secreted proteins by ELISA revealed notable disconnect between methods in what proteins were identified as being high versus low abundance, suggesting that data from antibody arrays in particular should be approached with caution. We next assessed the NSPC secretome on a transcriptional level with single cell and bulk RNA sequencing (RNAseq) of cultured NSPCs. Comparison of RNAseq transcript levels of highly secreted proteins revealed that quantification of gene expression did not necessarily predict relative protein abundance. Interestingly, comparing our in vitro NSPC gene expression data with similar data from freshly isolated, in vivo hippocampal NSPCs revealed strong correlations in global gene expression between in vitro and in vivo NSPCs. Understanding the components and functions of the NSPC secretome is essential to understanding how these cells may modulate the hippocampal neurogenic niche. Cumulatively, our data emphasize the importance of using proteomics in conjunction with transcriptomics and highlights the need for better methods of unbiased secretome profiling.
Keywords: Antibody / neural / gene expression / proteins / functions / adult / protein abundance / vitro / Nspcs / NSPC secretome

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