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Bithiophene derivative induced apoptosis and suppression of Akt pathway in mouse leukemic model

Ali Samy Algharib, Gamila Mohamed-Labib Shanab, Abdel-Rahman Badr Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed Ahmed Ismail, Rania Hassan Mohamed
Published: 12 April 2022
 by  IOS Press

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Bithiophene derivatives show a promising anti-cancer potential. We previously showed that Bithienyl Fluorobenzamidine (BFB) has an anti-proliferative effect against several leukemia cell lines. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) accounts for 18% of the total leukemia cases worldwide with heavier burden during the past 30 years. Therefore, the main aim remains the discovery of safe and effective medications. OBJECTIVE: The current research aims to investigate the anti-cancer efficacy of BFB and its effect on the apoptosis in the 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced AML in mice. METHODS: AML was induced in mice by DMBA and then treated by 2 different doses of BFB. After BFB treatment, the hematological and histological pattern changes was examined. Furthermore, the molecular effect of BFB on apoptosis, cell cycle markers and Protein kinase B (Akt) pathway was examined using qPCR, Western blotting and ELISA. RESULTS: BFB treatment ameliorates leukemia histological and hematological markers significantly, despite non-significant changes in normal mice. This improvement exhibits cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction, represented by elevation of tp53/p53, p21/p21, Caspase3 and downregulation of ckk1/Cdk1 in the bone marrow, as well as Akt pathway suppression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results establishes BFB as a promising therapeutic candidate against AML through cell cycle arrest, apoptosis induction and Akt pathway modulation.
Keywords: apoptosis / bone marrow / BFB / efficacy / Protein / treatment / model / leukemia / Akt / AML

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