Flow Characteristics and Hydraulic Lift of Coandă Effect-Based Pick-Up Method for Polymetallic Nodule
Abstract: The deep-sea mining vehicle is the main component of the undersea exploitation system, which gathers polymetallic nodules with its professionally designed seabed collector. The Coandă effect-based collecting method is an improved hydraulic method that forms an adverse pressure gradient over the nodules by performing wall jet flow over a rounded convex surface. In comparison to the circular cylinder surface, the effect of wall jet over the logarithmic spiral surface has a self-preserving nature, which can be advantageous to the nodule collecting. However, this effect on lift capability has seldom been studied before. In the present investigation, a reduced form modelling jet flows over logarithmic spiral surfaces was performed to study the flow characteristics and lift ability of the newly designed Coandă effect-based collector. The jet-half width has been optimized to study the influence of wall curvature on the growth rate. The lift ability was found to be stronger with larger jet exit velocity, local curvature, or non-dimensional jet slot height. The growth rate, which represents the width of the main jet flow, went up in proportion to the downstream distance. The lift capability of jet flow in logarithmical spiral of x/R = 1 is significantly better than that of x/R = 2/3.
Keywords: Coandă effect / collector / curved wall jets / deep-sea mining / pick-up device / polymetallic nodules / logarithmic spirals
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