New Search

Export article
Open Access

The Use of Essential Oils as Rumen Modifier in Dairy Cows

Dewi Ayu Ratih Daning, L M Yusiati, C Hanim, B P Widyobroto
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , Volume 30, pp 189-200; doi:10.14334/wartazoa.v30i4.2524

Abstract: Feed efficiency is essential for dairy cows because it can increase production and quality of milk, and reduce methane emissions in the environment. One of the strategies on increasing feed efficiency is using rumen modifier. Essential oils have antimicrobial activities and have been used in rumen modifier in dairy cows. The aim of this paper is to review several studies on the utilization of essential oils as feed additive to enhance production and quality of milk of dairy cow. Based on some research reports, using essential oils which contained thymol, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde and carvacrol in dairy cattle feed decreased the population of protozoa, methanogens, proteolytic, and biohydrogenase bacteria. The impact of engineering of the rumen microbial population has led to optimal rumen fermentation resulted in the efficiency of carbohydrate, protein, and fat utilizations. It can be concluded that essential oils are potential as rumen modifier by inhibit methanogenesis, increase propionate, energy efficiency and ruminal by pass protein. The inconsistent results on milk production and milk fat requires further research to study deeper the effect of dosage and type of essential oils on dairy cows performance.
Keywords: Protein / Energy Efficiency / essential oils / Feed / optimal / dairy cows / Rumen Modifier

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

Share this article

Click here to see the statistics on "Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences" .
Back to Top Top