Surgical Treatment of Previously Unclosed Macular Holes
Ophthalmology in Russia , Volume 17; doi:10.18008/1816-5095-2020-3-368-374
Abstract: Macular holes are the most often pathology leading to reduced vision among persons after 60 years. The macular hole is the acquired disease which is a defect of a foveola part of retina on all thickness from an internal limiting membrane to an external segment of a photoreceptor layer. The standard method of treatment is surgery method: a microinvasive vitrectomy with membrane peeling in macular area. There is a number of the techniques increasing efficiency of operative intervention. Even in case of successful surgical intervention macular holes are not always closed.The purpose: development and assessment of morphological parameters of the central retina with a new surgical method of closing earlier operated macula hole using a free flap.Material and methods. 40 patients (40 eyes, 28 women and 12 men) had participated in this study. All patients were operated about macular hole with negative anatomic result. By technology which were used earlier, patients were divided into 3 studied groups (with PRP mass using, with introverted flap using, with mechanical matching of edges of a hole). The main method of research was the optical coherent tomography. All patients were operated by an original technique. It’s purpose was a closing of earlier operated rigid macular hole using a free flap.Results. The defect of a photoreceptor component was closed with an additional expansion of earlier created macular rexis in patients of the 1st and 3rd groups at reoperation. The earlier created flap of an internal limiting membrane was used in patients of the 2nd group. In the analysis of dependence of change of visual acuity from morphological parameters of a macular hole after primary surgical treatment the inverse correlation relation from diameter of a macular hole on small and big radiuses is revealed. The highest visual acuity after a reoperation was reached at patients of the second group.Conclusions. It is necessary to consider the technique which was used earlier, diameter of a macular hole on small and big radiuses, postoperative edema in a parafovea zone for planning the surgical treatment and a forecast of functional results.
Keywords: Treatment / photoreceptor / morphological parameters / macular hole / Internal Limiting Membrane / Used Earlier
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Click here to see the statistics on "Ophthalmology in Russia" .