Removal of Lead(II) from Synthetic Wastewater by Lavandula pubescens Decne Biosorbent: Insight into Composition–Adsorption Relationship
Applied Sciences , Volume 10; doi:10.3390/app10217450
Abstract: In this work, the widely-abundant, cheap, wild plant Lavandula pubescens Decne was evaluated as an adsorbent for removing Pb(II) ions from wastewater. The chemical composition of the plant was partially isolated and characterized by the corresponding techniques, including gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, gas liquid chromatography, and FTIR spectroscopy. The adsorption capacity of the dried plant material for Pb(II) ions increased with increasing contact time, initial ion concentration, and temperature, while it decreased with increasing adsorbent dosage. The optimum condition for Pb(II) adsorption was determined as 550 mg/L initial metal concentration, pH ≤ 7, and 90 min of contact. The best fit for Pb(II) adsorption isotherms was the linear form of the Freundlich model; however, the maximum capacity indicated by Langmuir was 91.32 mg/g. The experimental data fit better the pseudo-second-order kinetic model (R2 = 0.969), suggesting chemisorption process. Thermodynamic data revealed an endothermic, nonspontaneous, and adsorption process favored at higher concentrations.
Keywords: Adsorption / water treatment / GC-MS analysis / Lead Ion Removal / Low-cost Biosorbent / Lavandula Pubescens
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