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Unequal Clustering Multipath Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Network based on Clustering and Ant Colony

Jin Yong-Xian

Abstract: To improve the energy efficiency of the wireless sensor network (WSN), and extend the network life. This paper proposes an improved unequal clustering multipath routing algorithm (UCMRA). The algorithm improves the formula of cluster head selection probability and competition radius, and considers the energy factor, node density, optimal number of cluster heads, etc. Experimental results show that, compared with the traditional algorithm, UCMRA has more stable cluster head distribution, less energy consumption and longer network lifetime.
Keywords: energy efficiency / Clustering Multipath / multipath routing / Wireless Sensor / unequal clustering / Routing Algorithm / Sensor Network / optimal

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