Study of the Coastal Vulnerability in Indramayu Regency, Indonesia
Abstract: Coastal vulnerability is a condition of a coastal community or society that leads to or causes an inability to face the threat of danger. The level of vulnerability can be viewed from the physical (infrastructure), social, demographic, and economic vulnerabilities. Physical vulnerability (infrastructure) describes a physical condition (infrastructure) that is prone to certain hazard factors. The coastal vulnerability areas can also be interpreted as a condition where there is an increase in the process of damage in the coastal area which is caused by various factors such as human activities and factors from the nature. This research aims to determine the level of coastal vulnerability in Indramayu coastal Regency with a Coastal Vulnerability Assessment (CVA) analysis approach and a Geographic Information System (GIS). Mapping the status of the vulnerability level of the Indramayu coastal area using the CVA method where the index range generated from the calculation of the four physical parameters mentioned above is between 2.887 – 3.651 or are in moderate vulnerability. A higher vulnerability value is found in several locations such as Juntikedokan and Benda villages. It is necessary to develop coastal protection in this area to prevent damage to the coastal area.
Keywords: CVA / coastal area / Geographic Information System / Coastal Vulnerability / Indramayu coastal / coastal Regency
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