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Teknologi Pengolahan Samosa dengan Penambahan Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera)

Andika Kuncoro Widagdo, Siti Hamidah
Jurnal Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian , Volume 16, pp 123-128; doi:10.21082/jpasca.v16n3.2019.123-128

Abstract: Daun kelor merupakan tanaman yang banyak ditemui di Indonesia. Tanaman ini mengandung banyak gizi, tetapi pemanfaatannya masih rendah. Agar gizi tersebut dapat dimanfaatkan maka perlu dilakukan inovasi makanan yang dapat diterima oleh masyarakat. Salah satu inovasi yang dipilih adalah samosa. Pemilihan hidangan tersebut dikarenakan rasa dari rempah dapat menutupi rasa dan aroma khas daun kelor. Penelitian dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui daya terima secara sensoris dan nilai gizi (energi dan ß-karoten) samosa. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 6 kali pengulangan pada 4 formula. Formula kontrol (F0) dan 3 formula modifikasi (F1,F2, dan F3), samosa diujikan kepada 50 panelis tidak terlatih dengan penambahan kelor sebesar 17,5%; 20% dan 22,5%. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis statistik menggunakan uji Kruskal Wallis dan Mann Whitney Test (a = 0,05). Analisis daya terima menunjukkan bahwa formula samosa daun kelor dapat diterima secara umum (rasa, aroma, tekstur, dan warna) dengan kategori suka (3) hanya pada formula F1 (penambahan daun kelor paling sedikit). Warna dan tekstur tidak berbeda nyata, sedangkan aroma berbeda nyata. Formula terbaik yang direkomendasikan yaitu F1 (daun kelor 17,5%) dengan kandungan zat gizi sebesar 164 kkal dan 604 mcg ß-karoten per 100 g. Received Power and Samosa Nutrition Substance with Addition Of Moringa olieferaMoringa leaves are plant parts that are commonly found in Indonesia. This plant contains high nutrients, but its use is still limited. To utilize these nutrients, it is necessary to innovate a food that accepted by the communities. One of the food was samosa, the choice of the dish was due to the taste of the spices that able to cover the flavor and aroma typical of moringa leaves. This research was carried out to determine the sensory reception and nutritional value (energy and ß-carotene) of samosa. The study was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD) with six replicates on four formulas. Control formula (F0) and three modified samosas recipes (F1, F2, and F3), were tested to 50 untrained panelist with the addition of moringa were 17,5%; 20% and 22.5%. Data analysis used descriptive analysis and statistical analysis using the Kruskal Wallis test and Mann Whitney Test (a = 0.05). Analysis of acceptability indicate that samosa with F1 formula (the least addition of moringa leaves) was generally accepted (taste, aroma, texture, and color) with the category of the likes (3), Color and texture were not significantly different mean while aroma was significantly different. The best formula recommended is F1 (17,5% moringa leaves) with nutrient content of 164 kcal and 604 mcg ß-carotene per 100 g of samosa.
Keywords: Moringa Leaves / Samosa / Kruskal Wallis / Whitney Test / Penambahan Daun / Mann Whitney / ß carotene / mcg ß / F1 formula

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