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Variability and relationships between characters of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) in Burkina Faso

Kouka Fidèle Tiendrébéogo, , Naoura Gapili, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo, Razacswendé Fanta Ouédraogo, Kiswendsida Romaric Nanema, Adjima Ouoba, Mahamadou Sawadogo

Abstract: Jatropha curcas is a highly promising species for biodiesel production in Burkina Faso and other countries in the tropics. It is rustic, grows in warm regions and is easily cultivated. These characteristics and high-quality oil yields from the seeds have made it a priority for biodiesel programs. Consequently, this plant merits genetic investigations aimed at improving yields. The present study was conducted to determine the extent of genetic variability and relationships among 30 accessions from Burkina Faso using 7 qualitative characters and 20 quantitative characters. For most of the traits, there were highly significant differences among the accessions. A positive and significant correlation between the 100-seed weight trait and the oil content trait was observed. The oil content trait is significantly and positively influenced by growth traits such as plant height and crown diameter. Based on the petiole base pigmentation, three morphotypes were identified: green morphotype, purple morphotype and brown morphotype. The green morphotype was characterized by very high oil content and high 100-seed weight while the brown morphotype presents low oil content and low 100-seed weight. The purple morphotype registered a high oil content and medium 100-seed weight. These results are important for the continuity of breeding programs, aimed at obtaining cultivars with high grain yield and high oil content in seeds.
Keywords: oil content / trait / seed weight / characters / Faso / Burkina / morphotype / high oil

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