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The Antimicrobial Effect of Radiant Catalytic Ionization on the Bacterial Attachment and Biofilm Formation by Selected Foodborne Pathogens under Refrigeration Conditions

Sciprofile linkKrzysztof Skowron, Sciprofile linkKarolina Jadwiga Skowron, Sciprofile linkJustyna Bauza-Kaszewska, Sciprofile linkEwa Wałecka-Zacharska, Sciprofile linkJoanna Kwiecińska-Piróg, Sciprofile linkKatarzyna Grudlewska-Buda, Sciprofile linkNatalia Wiktorczyk, Sciprofile linkEugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska
Published: 17 February 2020
 by  MDPI
Applied Sciences , Volume 10; doi:10.3390/app10041364

Abstract: The decontamination of food contact surfaces is a major problem for the food industry. The radiant catalytic ionization (RCI) method, based on the ionization process, may be an alternative for conventional decontamination procedures. The advantage of this technique is the possibility of its application to household refrigerating appliances and industrial cold rooms. This study aimed to assess the effect of RCI on the reduction of Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Enteritidis from the biofilms formed on a glass surface under refrigeration conditions. Bacterial biofilms were exposed to RCI for 24 h and after 12 (variant I) and 72 h (variant II) of the glass surface contamination. In the last variant (III), the contaminated meat was placed on the glass surface in the refrigerator and subjected to RCI treatment for 72 h. The significantly highest values of absolute reduction efficiency coefficient E were found for the bacterial attachment stage of biofilm formation (variant I). The research proves the efficiency of the RCI method in the reduction of bacteria number from a glass surface.
Keywords: Listeria monocytogenes / biofilm / Campylobacter jejuni / Salmonella enteritidis / radiant catalytic ionization (RCI)

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