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Diagnosis of frailty in geriatric patients: Is the pictorial fit frail scale an appropriate screening tool in hospital settings?

Maryam Chehrehgosha, Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Nasser Behnampour, Farshad Sharifi, , Reyhaneh Aminalroaya
Published: 1 April 2021
 by 10.22088

Abstract: Frailty is accompanied by serious health complications in the elderly, especially during hospitalization. Visual scales have been designed for quick and easy evaluation of frailty in different cultures and settings. Therefore, this study aimed to define the accuracy of the Pictorial Fit Frail Scale (PFFS) for frailty screening in the hospitalized elderly in Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 304 hospitalized participants, aged 65-85 years old admitted at Ziaeian Hospital (Tehran) were enrolled through the inclusion criteria from August to December 2019. All participants were evaluated based on the Minimum Data Set-Home Care, the Pictorial Fit Frail Scale, and the Quality-of-Life instrument, through face-to-face interviews by a trained nurse at the admission time. Spearman’s correlation coefficient, and ROC analysis were performed using SPSS at p<0.05. The highest correlation was obtained by Frailty Index (FI) and PFFS (0.770). FI had a negative correlation with QoL (-0.48). The optimal cut-points for PFFS according to FI ≤ 0.08 (robust vs. pre-frail) was obtained 0.10 with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy 100.00% and the best cut-point for PFFS based on FI ≥ 0.25 (pre-frail vs. frail) was obtained 0.29 with sensitivity and specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy 100.00%. It seems the Pictorial Fit-Frail Scale (PFFS) is a reliable scale with a high level of accuracy, and excellent sensitivity and specificity to measure the frailty level in hospitalized elderlies.
Keywords: Frailty / Pictorial Fit Frail Scale / MDS-specific frailty index / Hospital / ROC Curve

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