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Effect of Body Mass Index on Craniovertebral Angle and Shoulder Angle in Egyptian Adolescents

Somaya Nady Mohamed, Haytham Mohamed Elhafez, Mayada Ashraf Mahmoud
Egyptian Journal of Physical Therapy , Volume 1, pp 14-17; doi:10.21608/ejpt.2020.77844

Abstract: Purpose: To explore the effect of body mass index (BMI) on Craniovertebral Angle (CVA) and Shoulder Angle (SA) in Egyptian Adolescents. Methods: Cross Sectional Study designe was used.Eighty-six physical therapy students were selected randomly, and their age were ranged from 18-27 years. They were divided into three groups according to BMI. The first group with normal BMI (18.5-24.9 Kg/m2), while the second group was overweight (BMI was ranged from 25-29.9 Kg/m2). The third group was obesity class I (BMI was ranged from 30-34.9 Kg/m2).Photogrammetry method used (the photographic sessions by mobile phone Samsung J-7 Camera and use of Corel Draw software to analyze the pictures). Results: A significant difference was detected between normal BMI and overweight (p0.2), and for SA non-significant difference between normal BMI and obese (p>0.41) and non-significant difference between overweight and obese (p>0.2). Conclusion: overweight and obesity change CVA and forward head posture and overweight changed SA and so rounded shoulder appeared. However, obesity did not change SA and rounded shoulder.
Keywords: obesity / Adolescents / CVA / Egyptian / Shoulder Angle / Kg/m2 / Normal Bmi / Craniovertebral

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