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Motor Imagery EEG Classification Using Random Subspace Ensemble Network with Variable Length Features

Zabir Al Nazi, A. B. M. Aowlad Hossain, Monirul Islam

Abstract: Classification of electroencephalography (EEG) signals for brain-computer interface has great impact on people having various kinds of physical disabilities. Motor imagery EEG signals of hand and leg movement classification can help people whose limbs are replaced by prosthetics. In this paper, random subspace ensemble network with variable length feature sampling has been proposed for improving the prediction accuracy of motor imagery EEG signal classification. The method has been tested on eight different subjects and a hybrid dataset of two subjects data combined. Discrete wavelet transform based de-noising scheme has been adopted to remove artifacts from the EEG signal. For sub-band selection, dual-tree complex wavelet Transform has been employed. Mutual information scoring has been used for univariate feature selection from the feature space. A comparative analysis has been carried out where random subspace ensemble network outperformed other classification models. The maximum accuracy obtained by the model was 90.00%. Furthermore, the model showed better performance on the hybrid dataset with an average accuracy of 86.00%. The findings of this study are expected to be useful in artificial limb movements through brain-computer interfacing for rehabilitation of people with such physical disabilities.
Keywords: classification / model / EEG / random subspace ensemble / subspace ensemble network

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