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Politik Hukum Perlindungan HAM di Indonesia (Studi Hak-Hak Perempuan di Bidang Kesehatan)

Habib Shulton

Abstract: This research background by violations of human rights (Human Rights) in Indonesia, particularly women's rights violations in the health sector. Yet the fulfillment of the right to health for women is clearly reflected from ranking Human Development Index (HDI) and Gender-Related Development Index (GDI). One indication is the high maternal mortality rate (MMR) and infant mortality rate increased. In Indonesia, maternal mortality rate is very high in comparison with other countries, even higher than those of developing countries in Southeast Asia. Omission of the right to health is a human rights violation. Therefore, the new law required an effort of political justice and protection of the rights women's health in Indonesia. Moreover Indonesia country is "state of law", the concept of the rule of law is the protection of human rights. In addition, the legal protection of human rights politics in the health sector comes as the commitment of Indonesia in the international program MDG.s. Keywords: politics of law, women's health, rights and justice. Abstrak Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh pelanggaran terhadap hak-hak asasi manusia (HAM) kaum perempuan di Indonesia khususnya pelanggaran terhadap hak-hak di bidang kesehatan. Belum terpenuhinya hak kesehatan bagi perempuan tercermin dengan jelas dari peringkat Human Development Index (HDI) dan Gender Related Developmen Index (GDI). Salah satu indikasinya adalah tingginya angka kematian ibu (AKI) serta meningkatnya angka kematian bayi. Di Indonesia, tingkat AKI sangat tinggi di bandingkan dengan negara-negara lain, bahkan lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan negara-negara berkembang di Asia Tenggara. Pembiaran terhadap hak-hak kesehatan merupakan sebuah pelanggaran HAM. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan politik hukum baru sebagai upaya keadilan dan perlindungan hak-hak kesehatan perempan di Indonesia. Apalagi negara Indonesa adalah “negara hukum”, konsep negara hukum adalah adanya perlindungan terhadap HAM. Selain itu, politik hukum perlindungan HAM di bidang kesehatan ini sebagai upaya komitmen Indonesia dalam program Internasional yakni MDG.s. Kata Kunci: politik hukum, kesehatan perempuan, HAM dan keadilan
Keywords: women's rights / Health Sector / negara / Hak / DI INDONESIA / Perempuan Di / politik hukum perlindungan / Hukum Perlindungan HAM

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