A Mesh-Independent Brute-Force Approach for Traction-Free Corrections in Dislocation Problems
Published: 1 January 2021
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science , Volume 11, pp 1-18; doi:10.4236/mnsms.2021.111001
Abstract: Simulation of dislocation dynamics opens the opportunity for researchers and scientists to observe in-depth many plastic deformation phenomena. In 2D or 3D media, modeling of physical boundary conditions accurately is one of the keys to the success of dislocation dynamics (DD) simulations. The scope of analytical solutions is restricted and applies to specific configurations only. But in dynamics simulations, the dislocations’ shape and orientation change over time thus limiting the use of analytical solutions. The authors of this article present a mesh-based generalized numerical approach based on the collocation point method. The method is applicable to any number of dislocations of any shape/orientation and to different computational domain shapes. Several verifications of the method are provided and successful implementation of the method in 3D DD simulations have been incorporated. Also, the effect of free surfaces on the Peach-Koehler force has been computed. Lastly, the effect of free surfaces on the flow stress of the material has been studied. The results clearly showed a higher force with increased closeness to the free surface and with increased dislocation segment length. The simulations’ results also show a softening effect on the flow stress results due to the effect of the free surfaces.
Keywords: Free Surfaces / DISLOCATION THEORY / Dislocation dynamics / Peach-koehler Force
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