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Vaping In Medicine: A Review Of Vaping Associated Lung Pathology

, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center

Abstract: Vaping is a new development within the field of radiology and medicine at large with respect to the development of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) from Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) containing Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS). Similar to the initial marketing of cigarettes, vaping was advertized as being a safe product with limited ingredients. ENDS products were eventually touted as being superior to cigarettes because of the aforementioned limited ingredients compared to the numerous carcinogenic elements found in cigarettes. The four typical constituents are propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine, and a flavorant. The variety of flavors is particularly marketable towards the youth and within the past year, an increasing volume of patients have been admitted secondary to respiratory symptoms associated with vaping. Four computed tomography (CT) patterns of vaping induced lung injury have been identified and include acute eosinophilic pneumonia, diffuse alveolar damage, organizing pneumonia and lipoid pneumonia.
Keywords: Lung / Nicotine / medicine / Respiratory / pneumonia / Cigarettes / ingredients / flavors / Vaping Associated

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