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Comparison of methodologies to determine the apparent ileal amino acid digestibility of maize, wheat, lupins, and peas for broiler chickens

C.L. Nalle,

Abstract: The influence of method (direct vs difference method) used to determine the apparent ileal digestibility coefficient (AIDC) of amino acids in two cereals (maize and wheat) and two grain legumes (Australian sweet lupins and peas) was investigated. For the direct method, the test ingredients were incorporated as the sole source of protein in assay diets. The assay diets used in the difference method were formulated by substituting the cereals and legumes for 50 and 25% (w/w), respectively, of a maize-soy basal diet. Each diet contained 3 g/kg titanium dioxide as an indigestible marker and were offered ad libitum to four replicate cages of broilers (four birds/cage) from d 28 to d 35 post-hatching. On d 35, digesta were collected from the terminal ileum and the AIDC of amino acids were calculated using marker ratios in the diet and digesta. Except for histidine, methionine, cysteine and tyrosine, the main effect of methods was found to be significant (P<0.05 to 0.001) for the AIDC of all amino acids. The main effect of the ingredients was significant (P<0.05 to 0.001) for all amino acids, except for histidine, aspartic acid and serine. Interactions (P<0.05) between ingredients and method were observed only for leucine, lysine, proline and serine. The AIDC of amino acids, determined by the difference method, was found to be distinctly higher than those determined by the direct method. This suggested that the direct method underestimated amino acid digestibility in low and medium protein ingredients.
Keywords: protein / amino acids / AIDC / wheat / ileal / serine / legumes / peas / histidine

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