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Periodical publications as the source of research on the realities of literary life in southern Ukraine (1950s)

Maryna Naumenko

Abstract: In the article, based on research materials of periodical publications illuminated the literature value in cultural evolution of southern region of Ukraine in 1950-1960 yrs. It is specified that the literature in the USSR against the background of active political events of the 50's-60's yrs. considered by government institutions as an extraordinary phenomenon of culture, which has important socio-political value. The main value of the literary life of southern Ukraine research play the materials of local periodicals, which contain information missing from other types of sources. Like a historical source the newspaper has several advantages despite of subjective nature – information inexhaustibility, completeness, comprehensiveness, quick delivery of up-to-date information. The literary life of the southern region of Ukraine is presented in local newspapers: "Pivdenna pravda", "Bug'skay Zaray", "Chornomorska komuna", "Literaturnyy almanakh" (Odessa), "Naddnipryanskaya Pravda" (Kherson). The Literature in mentioned periodicals occurs as one of the traditional consideration objects – in common with music, theater, cinema and other areas of artistic activity. These sources contain extensive factual and analytical content with important stages in the history of southern Ukraine's literature The basic tendencies, substantive aspects and peculiarities of the literary life of the region are analyzed. The degree of interaction between a particular industry and the press has been established. Some conclusions are made. First of all, the literary life of the region was under the strict control of Soviet public association structures. At the second, most publications include the different types of artistic text analysis: philological, linguistic, stylistic, literary. It's worth to remark that interest of periodicals in the course of literary life say for to the cultural region integration into the Union space. In the third place, using periodicals as a source of knowledge in the cultural development research, can clearly identify the literary trends inherent in this region. In general, the newspaper periodicals of the 1950-60 th, taking into account certain historical conditions of its functioning, its ideological orientation, are an important systematized and chronological source of study of the cultural life of Ukrainian society during the liberalization of the Soviet regime.
Keywords: evolution / historical / Ukraine / Structures / source / functioning / newspaper / Soviet / literary life

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