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Radiosensitizing Effect of Curcumin on Human Bladder Cancer Cell Lines: Impact on DNA Repair Mechanisms

Joyce Azzi, Anthony Waked, Jolie Bou-Gharios, Joelle Al Choboq, Fady Geara, Larry Bodgi,
Published: 13 October 2021

Abstract: Chemo-radiotherapy is one of the promising approaches to treat bladder cancer, but its effectiveness is limited to sensitive patients. Polyphenol curcumin has shown anticancer and radiosensitizing potentials, but the mechanism is not fully understood. Here, the In Vitro response of UM-UC5 and UM-UC6 bladder cell lines to curcumin and radiation treatments was evaluated. The effect of curcumin on the DNA double-strand breaks repair system after treatment with ionizing radiation (2 Gy) was determined by immunofluorescence. Cell viability, proliferation, and survival were performed using trypan blue, MTT, clonogenic, and sphere-forming assays. The migratory ability of both cells was assessed by wound healing. We showed that curcumin treatment increased the radiosensitivity by modifying the DNA double-strand breaks repair kinetics of the most radioresistant cells UM-UC6 without affecting the radiosensitive UM-UC5. Moreover, UM-UC6 cell survival and proliferation was significantly decreased after the combination of curcumin with radiation. Bladder cell migration was also inhibited considerably. Curcumin was also shown to reduce the number and the volume of bladder cancer spheres of both cell lines. This study revealed that curcumin was able to radiosensitize resistant bladder cell line without affecting the sensitive one with minimal side effects through enhancing DNA damage signaling and repair pathway.
Keywords: treatment / curcumin / bladder cell line / survival / radiosensitizing / viability / bladder cancer

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