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Factors Influencing Adherence to Training Programs in Gyms in the Northern Region of Santa Catarina, Brazil

Pedro Jorge Cortes Morales, Tatiane Cristine Sierpinski, Eduarda Eugenia Dias de Jesus, Carlos Henrique Cenci de Oliveira, Ricardo Clemente Rosa, Fabricio Faitarone Brasilino

Abstract: Objective: Identify the factors that influence the adherence of Resisted Training programs in gyms located in the city of Guaratuba, Paraná/BR. Methodology: The design of the present study is cross-sectional. A total of 100 Resisted Training practitioners of both genders, aged between 18 and 75 years, participated in the research. The location for data collection included four gyms located in the city of Guaratuba-PR. Considering the nature of the research, it was chosen to apply a questionnaire adapted from Morales (2002), composed of opened and closed-ended questions. The instrument was composed with exposure variables of sociodemographic, economic, environmental factors, self-perception of lifestyle and health, stress levels indicators and physical activity. The SPSS® 16.0 program was used for statistical treatment. Considering the non-normality of the data distribution through the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Spearman’s correlation test was used and values of p<0.05 were considered significant. Results: The present study showed three significant moderate correlations, demonstrating a joint variation of tobacco use with alcohol (0.655 with p-value<0.05), intake of high alcoholic beverages over others (0.802 with p-value<0.05), and men’s weekly workload (0.62 with p-value<0.05). Conclusion: According to the obtained data, it’s possible to conclude through the significant moderate correlations, that the sociodemographic aspects and the identification of some behavioral risk factors related to the use of tobacco and alcoholic beverages, can influence the adherence to the training programs in gyms.
Keywords: adapted / stress / gyms / composed / Guaratuba / treatment / behavioral / tobacco / beverages / alcoholic

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