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Genome Survey Sequencing of Betula platyphylla

Sui Wang, Su Chen, Caixia Liu, Yi Liu, Xiyang Zhao, Chuanping Yang, Guan-Zheng Qu
Published: 20 September 2019
 by  MDPI
 in Forests
Forests , Volume 10; doi:10.3390/f10100826

Abstract: Research Highlights: A rigorous genome survey helped us to estimate the genomic characteristics, remove the DNA contamination, and determine the sequencing scheme of Betula platyphylla. Background and Objectives: B. platyphylla is a common tree species in northern China that has high economic and medicinal value. However, there is a lack of complete genomic information for this species, which severely constrains the progress of relevant research. The objective of this study was to survey the genome of B. platyphylla and determine the large-scale sequencing scheme of this species. Materials and Methods: Next-generation sequencing was used to survey the genome. The genome size, heterozygosity rate, and repetitive sequences were estimated by k-mer analysis. After preliminary genome assembly, sequence contamination was identified and filtered by sequence alignment. Finally, we obtained sterilized plantlets of B. platyphylla by plant tissue culture, which can be used for third-generation sequencing. Results: We estimated the genome size to be 432.9 Mb and the heterozygosity rate to be 1.22%, with repetitive sequences accounting for 62.2%. Bacterial contamination was observed in the leaves taken from the field, and most of the contaminants may be from the genus Mycobacterium. A total of 249,784 simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci were also identified in the B. platyphylla genome. Among the SSRs, only 11,326 can be used as candidates to distinguish the three Betula species. Conclusions: The B. platyphylla genome is complex and highly heterozygous and repetitive. Higher-depth third-generation sequencing may yield better assembly results. Sterilized plantlets can be used for sequencing to avoid contamination.
Keywords: SSR / Betula platyphylla / Sequence Contamination / Genome Survey Sequencing

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