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Lyudmila Sukhorukova, Николай Фокин, Maxim Ivchenko, Tatiana Shestakova, Aleksandra Shestakova

Abstract: Unification of educational institutions in post-Soviet Russia has been replaced by diversity of types, variability of curricula and educational programmes. So, a new type of general educational institutions - Cadet Schools (boarding schools) has become an important phenomenon in the system of Russian education. The relevance of the research is conditioned by the needs of the Russian society in development of state profile, pre-professional military education in the institutions of cadet education. Cadet education is one of the most important areas of specialised school development, providing all-round development of pupils, general education and military training. The aim of the research is justification of scientific and pedagogical bases of design of educational professional training programmes for cadet educational organization manager - master's level in the direction of Pedagogical education. Methods of research: method of historical- pedagogical analysis of scientific sources and its comparison; theoretical analysis of pedagogical, psychological, philosophical, scientific, methodological works on the topic of research; study of scientific periodicals; analysis of the research subject; empirical methods (study of innovative teaching experience in the sphere of training programs` professional and pedagogical design for heads of Suvorov schools, Cadet Corps and universities. The method of historical and pedagogical analysis allowed us to study the stages in the development of cadet education, from the time of Peter the Great ruling up to the present days. The methods of socio-pedagogical design, study of innovative pedagogical experience allowed to develop basic educational programmes for training of leadership and pedagogical staff of cadet educational organizations, based on the theories, technologies of personality-centred education, Russian and foreign military pedagogy and military psychology. One of the most important results of the study is a systematic description of the current development of the cadet education system in Russia. The paper takes into account, that there are signs of deficit in master`s programmes and additional professional education programmes to train the leaders of cadet educational organizations. As a result of scientific research analysis the main directions and forms of development of modern cadet education was recorded. The ideas are presented from a critical standpoint and the results of discussions on the content of cadet education in the system of secondary complete education, pre-university military education are summarized. For development of managerial competences of cadet educational leaders the necessity and design of master`s programme based on integration of general and military pedagogy, general and military psychology, theories and models of military education, relevant to cadet education are presented from critical positions. Scientific novelty of the research consists in attracting, systematization and analytical generalization of original material on the topical problem for the development of a master`s programme relevant to the Russian system of cadet education. The authors give a general overview of the development of cadet education, defining the content of the training for the leaders of cadet educational organizations. Materials of the study can be useful for specialists engaged in methodological developments and organization of educational process, such as teachers of military centres, military institutes, military gymnasiums, pedagogical specialties on the problems of educational security, adjuncts of military academies and military universities. The results of the study can find its application in practical terms for the formation and implementation of educational policies.
Keywords: Russian system / cadet educational organizations / diversity / leaders of cadet / TRAINING THE LEADERS

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