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Study of the energy recovery of slaughterhouse waste. The case of Tenerife

J.A. Pérez, K.E. Rodríguez, C. Díaz, D.J. Escalante

Abstract: Tenerife is one of the main islands of the Canary Islands, which, due to its characteristics as outermost region, has a high energy dependence as well as a limitation on available territory; in addition, as it has been designated as a Remote Area, the elimination of Animal By-Products (ABPs) in landfills is permitted. This treatment does not contribute to the current trend of a circular economy and negatively harms the environment. The energy recovery of this waste through anaerobic digestion to produce biogas would enhance the use of renewable energies, contributing to the meat industry's energy independence and better management of the waste generated by this industry in Tenerife, promoting an energy transition towards cleaner energies. The study of the potential for biomethanization has been carried out both separately and in co-digestion in search of the best biogas production. Of the samples studied, only biogas was obtained in the anaerobic digestion of the rumen content, sewage sludge and for the co-digestion of viscera (cattle, pigs, goats, sheep, and rabbits) with raw blood and sewage sludge. The latter produces 128 mL of biogas per gram of volatile solids (VS) of the mixture, resulting in a total of 4,800 kWhe of electrical energy for Tenerife's estimated waste in 2019.
Keywords: waste / Tenerife / sludge / islands / sewage / treatment / biogas / digestion / energy / anaerobic

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