Konfiskace uměleckých děl fyzických osob v době nesvobody
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the legal regulation and practice related to the confiscation of works of art in the so called “time of oppression”, which is a legal term for a historical period from 30.9.1938 to 4.5.1945 in the territory of the recent Czech Republic. Since the aim of the paper is to serve as a handout helping to understand the historical context by applying the restitutional statute No. 212/2000 Sb., it shows no detailed case study, but concentrates on an instructional overview. After a brief introduction, which explains the aim of the paper and defines its scope, the time of oppression is divided into two phases – the so called Second Republic and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. There is a short characterism of the respective phase and an indicative timeline describing the Era of Protectorate. The following parts deal with the legal regulation and confiscation praxis in more detail. The era of the so called Second Republic is by the nature of things shorter; however, the roots of the oppression practice are well illustrated. On the other hand, the description of the protectorate era required it to be subdivided into three parts: i) an introduction of the basic legal framework; ii) institutions dealing with confiscation; and iii) the disposition of confiscated goods, taking into account the museum practice.
Keywords: oppression / confiscation / historical / regulation / Protectorate / era / Republic / legal / introduction / phase
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