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Comparative Analysis of Key Factors Encouraging Food Delivery App Adoption Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Thailand

Published: 7 April 2021
 by  MDPI AG
Sustainability , Volume 13; doi:10.3390/su13084088

Abstract: This study examines and compares the crucial factors encouraging Thai customers to use food delivery apps before and during the COVID-19 pandemic on the basis of the modified conceptual paradigm of Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology 2 (UTAUT2), including the following external factors: trust, convenience, application quality, and satisfaction. Data were collected from 220 food delivery app users before the pandemic and 250 food delivery app users during the pandemic. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling based on AMOS 23.0 to test model validity and the study hypotheses. The results indicated that satisfaction was influenced by social influence, trust, convenience, and application quality in both the before- and during-the-COVID-19-pandemic samples. In addition, price value was a significant predictor of satisfaction before the pandemic but not during the pandemic, whereas habit was found to significantly influence satisfaction before the pandemic but was found to negatively influence satisfaction during the pandemic. Additionally, the results of both samples showed that customers with a high level of satisfaction using a food delivery app were more likely to keep using it. The findings may assist marketers in developing appropriate strategies for food delivery app activities.
Keywords: Thailand / COVID-19 / trust / convenience / food delivery / application quality

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