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Syntactic analysis of exclamation groups in the story of Duha Kocaoğlu Deli Dumrul

Yusuf Gökkaplan

Abstract: An exclamation is a structure that people often operate in everyday speech. Exclamations are used to effectively express emotions such as anger, sadness, grief, surprise, joy, excitement. Considering the exclamations used in the expression of emotions only as word and sound units is insufficient to reveal the richness of their expressive power. Emphasis, intonation, gestures, mimics, and movements together with exclamations in the spoken language are other features that fill the concept of exclamation together with the exclamation. In written language, however, it is not as easy to detect exclamations as in spoken language. When we look at the studies examining the exclamation groups today, “Ey! Eyvah! Ya!” Exclamation groups established within the framework of certain patterns such as in studies conducted with such a limitation, it is seen that exclamations are not sufficiently detailed and comprehensively addressed. As oral cultural elements are an important source, interjections in the Turkish language should also have a separate and special position. In order to determine this difference, it is necessary to carefully consider the works that form the basis of the Turkish language, edimsöz. In this study, the exclamation groups in the story of Duha Kocaoğlu Deli Dumrul, which is among the Dede Korkut Stories, will be examined in terms of syntactic. In the work in question, Deli Dumrul, who is the hero of the story, calls out to Azrael and God, begs to his parents, bids farewell to his wife and addresses the people around him and has a rich and different content in terms of exclamation. Examining the relationship between the exclamations, which change according to the emotions and situations in the work, with the other words and word groups in the story, is important in determining the functions of the exclamations in the text. With the approach exhibited here, the use of interjections and exclamation groups in the text, which are frequently used in spoken language, will also be revealed.
Keywords: story / emotions / word / Deli Dumrul / syntactic / exclamation groups / structure

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