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Characterization of Rollinia mucosa(Jacq.) Baill) Fruit Ethanol Extract

Siti Jubaidah, Heri Wijaya, Aulia Mutmainah

Abstract: Introduction: The srikaya malinau plant (Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill), is empirically used to treat the gastrointestinal tract, antipyretic, stamina enhancer, scabies medication and antimicrobial.Research on the efficacy and characteristics of malinau srikaya fruit extract to date has not been reported. Objective: determine the characterization and class of chemical compounds in the malinau srikaya fruit extract. This research is non-experimental research. The research phase includes sample collection, plant determination, making simplicia, extraction using maceration method with 70% ethanol as solvent. Results: The results of the extraction were characterized by organoleptic, water content, water soluble extract content, ethanol soluble extract content, ash content and acid insoluble ash content, then phytochemical screening was carried out. Data were analyzed using descriptive method. The results of the specific characterization of the organoleptic test of the extract have a thick consistency, blackish brown in colour, have a distinctive smell like soy sauce and have a bitter taste. The content of the extract was soluble in water 88%, the content of the extract was soluble in ethanol 77% and the results of the identification of phytochemical screening were known to contain flavonoids. The results of the non-specific characterization test determined the water content of 9%, ash content of 1.665% and acid insoluble ash content of 2.075%.
Keywords: efficacy / ethanol / Rollinia / Baill / organoleptic / Jacq / mucosa / extract / fruit / ash

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