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Synthesis and electrochemical properties of Na0:67Mn0:75Ni0:25O2 in carbonate-based electrolytes

, Kha Minh Lê, Thịnh Gia Phùng, Hoàng Văn Nguyễn, Phụng Mỹ Loan Lê

Abstract: In this work, a single phase of P2-Na0:67Mn0:75Ni0:25O2 (NaMNO) material was successfully synthesized via a coprecipitation method with the size varying from 2 to 4 mm. According to the atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), all the metallic elements were uniformly distributed in the bulk material with the desired ratio Mn¸Ni = 3¸1. The electrochemical properties of P2-NaNMO were investigated in carbonate-based electrolytes using 1M NaClO4 or 1M NaPF6. Among these electrolytes, this cathode exhibited the best electrochemical performance with initial capacity up to 205.7 mAh/g and capacity retention reaches 63.2% during 60 cycles when using 1M NaClO4/PC + 2% (v/v) VC. Indeed, vinylene carbonate (VC) additive plays an important role in improving the performance of NaMNO cathode through the formation of a stable cathode electrolyte interphase layer (CEI). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was performed to demonstrate CEI layer formation indicated by the elevation of the electrode surface film and double layer impedance in the initial cycle. During cycling, galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) helps to calculate the Na+ ion diffusion coefficient, which was increased clearly at the working voltages of Mn3+/Mn4+ and Ni3+/Ni4+ redox couples.
Keywords: electrolytes / CEI / Na0 / impedance / 75Ni0 / 25O2 / 67Mn0

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