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MICROSCOPE: systematic errors

, Pierre Touboul, Gilles Metris, Alain Robert, Oceane Dhuicque, , Yves Andre, Damien Boulanger, Ratana Chhun, Bruno Christophe,
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Published: 11 January 2022

Abstract: The MICROSCOPE mission aims to test the Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP) in orbit with an unprecendented precision of 10-15 on the Eövös parameter thanks to electrostatic accelerometers on board a drag-free microsatellite. The precision of the test is determined by statistical errors, due to the environment and instrument noises, and by systematic errors to which this paper is devoted. Sytematic error sources can be divided into three categories: external perturbations, such as the residual atmospheric drag or the gravity gradient at the satellite altitude, perturbations linked to the satellite design, such as thermal or magnetic perturbations, and perturbations from the instrument internal sources. Each systematic error is evaluated or bounded in order to set a reliable upper bound on the WEP parameter estimation uncertainty.
Keywords: systematic errors / sup / MICROSCOPE / precision / perturbations / drag / instrument / WEP
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