lnc9141-a and -b Play a Different Role in Bovine Myoblast Proliferation, Apoptosis, and Differentiation
Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids , Volume 18, pp 554-566; doi:10.1016/j.omtn.2019.09.013
Abstract: Previously, our transcriptome sequencing revealed that lnc9141 was differentially expressed in muscles of fetal bovine, calf, and adult bovine, which is considered to provide the basis for raising the muscle mass. In this study, we identified lnc9141 characters. lnc9141 has different transcription start sites and 3′ alternative splicing sites of exon 1, producing lnc9141-a and lnc9141-b transcripts that were highly expressed in the heart and lung. Moreover, neither lnc9141-a nor lnc9141-b had the ability to encode proteins. The functions of lnc9141-a and lnc9141-b were explored by cell cycle, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The results showed that lnc9141-a or lnc9141-b overexpression decreased the number of myoblasts in the S phase and increased the proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase. Furthermore, overexpressing lnc9141-a and lnc9141-b respectively downregulated the expression of Cyclin D1. However, lnc9141-a or lnc9141-b interference was found to increase the number of S-phase myoblasts, and upregulate Cyclin D1 and Cyclin E expression. Through Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) double staining and the expression of apoptosis marker genes (Bax, Bcl2, and Caspase-3), it was found that lnc9141-b could regulate the expression of Bax gene. Meantime, high expression of lnc9141-b could decrease MyHC expression. In addition, the intergenic region between lnc9141 and IRX5 was 2.3 kb, with a head-to-head orientation. The study also revealed the core regions of the lnc9141 and IRX5 promoter. Our study demonstrated that both lnc9141-a and -b expression inhibited bovine myoblast proliferation. However, lnc9141-b regulated Bax and MyHC expression. The regulatory mechanism of lnc9141-a and lnc9141-b needs to be further explored.
Keywords: bovine; long non-coding RNA; lnc9141; different transcripts; myoblasts
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