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Optimal Placement of Capacitor Bank on Ondo 132/33KV Transmission Substation

, T. D. Ebinowen, F. T. Oyediji, A. A. Adetunji

Abstract: Introduction: Relevancies of electrical power system to consumers cannot be overemphasized. This requires healthy operation of such system. 132/33KV network is an important network within the transmission system and its importance calls for effective and efficient operation. However, due to the long distance at which the transmission line span, the nature of the lay (either overhead or underground) and type of cable used, there are series of voltage instability and power loss along the transmission network which are threat both economically and technically to both electricity providers and consumers because of the cost implication of the losses and effect on the stability of the network. Aims: This research aims is to seek optimal placement of a capacitor bank to proffer solution to both voltage instability and power loss problem by simulating Ondo 132/33KV transmission network using NEPLAN software. Methodology: The network model was developed using NEPLAN software. The voltage profile and power loss with and without capacitor bank were determined from power load flow solutions using Newton-Raphson method. Results: Effects of optimal placements of capacitors along the studied transmission line is established. Conclusion: Proper installation of capacitor bank is also found to enhance performance with an accompanied improvement in voltage profile along the buses.
Keywords: optimal / capacitor bank / power / model / voltage / loss / Placement of Capacitor

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