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The Moderating Role of Self-Esteem and Job-Related Anxiety on the Emergence of Dysfunction in Vocational Mentoring and Its Effects on Performance Reports and Career Progress Expectations

Ethlyn A. Williams, Terri A. Scandura, Stephanie L. Castro

Abstract: We explore the role that self-esteem and job-related anxiety play in the emergence of dysfunctional (negative) relations in mentoring and its outcomes. A study with 189 proteges reported that functional vocational mentoring in a mentorship was negatively related to reports of dysfunction in vocational mentoring (DVM), however, this association became positive for individuals reporting low self-esteem. The relationship that DVM had with performance and career expectations was moderated by job-related anxiety –negative outcomes under high anxiety conditions and a positive outcome for performance under low anxiety. Thus, further work on the emergence and effects of dysfunction (negative) mentoring relations appears warranted.
Keywords: job related anxiety / esteem / Moderating / vocational / dysfunction / mentoring / DVM

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