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Corrigendum notice of: WNT5B in Physiology and Disease

Corrigendum: WNT5B in Physiology and Disease

Sarocha Suthon, Rachel S. Perkins, Vitezslav Bryja, Gustavo A. Miranda-Carboni, Susan A. Krum

Abstract: A Corrigendum on WNT5B in Physiology and Disease by Suthon, S., Perkins, R. S., Bryja, V., Miranda-Carboni, G. A., and Krum, S. A. (2021). Front. Cell Dev. Biol. 9:667581. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2021.667581 In the original article, there were two errors. (1) Our information on Wnt modification and secretion was out of date. Mouse Wnts are not palmitoleated on cysteines—that was an error in mutational analysis by Karl Willert. All the cysteines in Wnt are engaged in disulfide bonds (DOI 10.1126/science.1222879, 10.1074/jbc.m114.575027). However, a new reference describes WNT palmitoylation in zebrafish WNT3A (Dhasmana et al., 2021). (2) The WLS protein binds to Wnt in the ER, not the Golgi. The Golgi localization of WLS was also an error due to the use of an epitope tag on the c-terminus (10.1016/j.devcel.2014.03.016, 10.1016/j.cell.2020.11.038). A correction has been made to the introduction, paragraph number 2 The WNT family now contains 19 WNT genes, falling into 12 WNT subfamilies in mammalian genomes. All WNT genes encode proteins around 40 kDa in size and contain highly conserved cysteines (Miller, 2002; Clevers and Nusse, 2012). Mammalian WNT proteins are palmitoylated at conserved serine residues by a special palmitoyl transferase, Porcupine (PORCN), in the endoplasmic reticulum (Takada et al., 2006; Galli et al., 2007; Rios-Esteves et al., 2014). Zebrafish WNT3 is lipidated at both cysteine and serine residues (Dhasmana et al., 2021). The activity of PORCN is essential for the secretion of WNT ligands. Then, the seven-transmembrane protein Wntless/Evi (Wls) in the endoplasmic reticulum escorts mature hydrophobic WNT proteins to be secreted at the plasma membrane or released in exosomes, leading to both autocrine and paracrine effects (Banziger et al., 2006; Routledge and Scholpp, 2019). Accordingly, the following reference has been added to the original article: Dhasmana, D., Veerapathiran, S., Azbazdar, Y., Nelanuthala, A. V. S., Teh, C., Ozhan, G., et al. (2021). Wnt3 is lipidated at conserved cysteine and serine residues in zebrafish neural tissue. Front. Cell Dev. Biol. 9:671218. 10.3389/fcell.2021.671218 And the following reference has been removed from the original article: Willert, K., Brown, J. D., Danenberg, E., Duncan, A. W., Weissman, I. L., Reya, T., et al. (2003). Wnt proteins are lipid-modified and can act as stem cell growth factors. Nature 423, 448–452. The authors apologize for these errors and state that this does not change the scientific conclusions of the article in any way. The original article has5 been updated. All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher. Banziger, C., Soldini, D., Schutt, C., Zipperlen, P., Hausmann, G., and Basler, K. (2006). Wntless, a conserved membrane protein dedicated to the secretion of Wnt proteins from signaling cells. Cell. 125, 509–522. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2006.02.049 PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar Clevers, H., and Nusse, R. (2012). Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and disease. Cell. 149, 1192–1205. Dhasmana, D., Veerapathiran, S., Azbazdar, Y., Nelanuthala, A. V. S., Teh, C., Ozhan, G., et al. (2021).Wnt3 is lipidated at conserved cysteine and serine residues in zebrafish neural tissue. Front. Cell Dev. Biol. 9:671218. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2021.671218 CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar Galli, L. M., Barnes, T. L., Secrest, S. S., Kadowaki, T., and Burrus, L. W. (2007). Porcupine-mediated lipid-modification regulates the activity and distribution of Wnt proteins in the chick neural tube. Development. 134, 3339–3348. doi: 10.1242/dev.02881 PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar Miller, J. R. (2002). The Wnts. Genome Biol. 3:REVIEWS3001. Rios-Esteves, J., Haugen, B., and Resh, M. D. (2014). Identification of key residues and regions important for porcupine-mediated Wnt acylation. J. Biol. Chem. 289, 17009–17019. doi: 10.1074/jbc.m114.561209 PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar Routledge, D., and Scholpp, S. (2019). Mechanisms of intercellular Wnt transport. Development. 146:dev176073. doi: 10.1242/dev.176073 CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar Takada, R., Satomi, Y., Kurata, T., Ueno, N., Norioka, S., Kondoh, H., et al. (2006). Monounsaturated fatty acid modification of Wnt protein: its role in Wnt secretion. Dev. Cell. 11, 791–801. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2006.10.003 PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar Keywords: Wnt5B, Wnt signaling, development, cancer, Wnt5a Citation: Suthon S, Perkins RS, Bryja V, Miranda-Carboni GA and Krum SA (2021) Corrigendum: WNT5B in Physiology and Disease. Front. Cell Dev. Biol. 9:724948. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2021.724948 Received: 14 June 2021; Accepted: 23 June 2021; Published: 23 July 2021. Edited and reviewed by: Gunes Ozhan, Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey Copyright © 2021 Suthon, Perkins, Bryja, Miranda-Carboni and Krum. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. *Correspondence: Susan A. Krum, [email protected]
Keywords: Wnt5B / Wnt signaling / development / Cancer / Wnt5a

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