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Detection of coherent movement in peripherally viewed random-dot patterns

W. A. Van De Grind, A. J. Van Doorn, J. J. Koenderink

Abstract: We studied the detection of coherent motion in stroboscopically moving random-dot patterns for foveal vision and at eccentricities of 6,12, 24, and 48 deg in the temporal visual field. Threshold signal-to-noise ratios (SNR's) were determined as a function of velocity for a range of stimulus sizes. It was found that the motion-detection performance is roughly invariant throughout the temporal visual field, provided that the stimuli are scaled according to the cortical magnification factor to obtain equivalent cortical sizes and velocities at all eccentricities. The maximum field velocity compatible with the percept of coherent motion increased about linearly with the width of the square stimuli. At this high-velocity threshold any pixel crossed the field in five to nine equal steps with a constant total crossing time of 50–90 msec, regardless of stimulus size or eccentricity. The lowest SNR values were reached at the optimal or tuning velocity V0. They approached the amazingly low values of 0.04–0.05 for large stimuli and at all eccentricities. Regardless of stimulus size, the parameter V0 increased about linearly with eccentricity from roughly 1 deg sec−1 at the fovea to some 8 deg sec−1 at 48 deg in the temporal visual field.
Keywords: Function / motion / sec / deg / optimal / Dot / cortical / eccentricities / Roughly

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