Population Pharmacokinetics, Exposure–Response, and Probability of Target Attainment Analyses for Tedizolid in Adolescent Patients With Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure InfectionsShow More
Published: 13 September 2021
Abstract: Tedizolid phosphate is an oxazolidinone antibacterial agent approved for treatment of gram-positive acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) in patients aged ≥12 years. To support the use of tedizolid phosphate in adolescents with ABSSSIs, a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model, developed using adult and pediatric data, was updated to include PK data from a phase 3 clinical trial (PN012) that evaluated the safety and efficacy of once-daily oral or intravenous 200-mg tedizolid phosphate in adolescents (12 to <18 years) with ABSSSIs, along with emerging data from a phase 1 trial (PN013) in children (2 to <12 years). Updated PK parameter estimates remained similar to the previous model. Body weight was a statistically significant covariate on clearance and volume parameters, with no clinically meaningful effects on exposure in adolescents. Tedizolid exposures in adolescents from PN012 were slightly higher with largely overlapped area under the concentration–time curve distribution compared with adults from previous phase 2 and 3 trials. The probability of PK/pharmacodynamic target attainment at the minimum inhibitory concentration susceptibility breakpoint of 0.5 μg/mL for Staphylococcus and Streptococcus was 100%. As most participants from the PN012 trial were cured, no significant exposure–efficacy relationship was identified. Tedizolid exposures were similar between participants with and without a safety event from PN012; no clear relationship was detected between exposure and safety. Despite lower body weight and higher exposures in adolescents, safety profiles in adolescents were similar to adults. These results support the 200-mg, once-daily intravenous or oral dose of tedizolid phosphate in adolescents with ABSSSIs.
Keywords: safety / adults / Tedizolid / Target Attainment / efficacy / oral or intravenous / adolescents with ABSSSIs / skin
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