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Convective flows of generalized time-nonlocal nanofluids through a vertical rectangular channel

Published: 1 May 2018

Abstract: Time-nonlocal generalized model of the natural convection heat transfer and nanofluid flows through a rectangular vertical channel with wall conditions of the Robin type are studied. The generalized mathematical model with time-nonlocality is developed by considering the fractional constitutive equations for the shear stress and thermal flux defined with the time-fractional Caputo derivative. The Caputo power-law non-local kernel provides the damping to the velocity and temperature gradient; therefore, transport processes are influenced by the histories at all past and present times. Analytical solutions for dimensionless velocity and temperature fields are obtained by using the Laplace transform coupled with the finite sine-cosine Fourier transform which is suitable to problems with boundary conditions of the Robin type. Particularizing the fractional thermal and velocity parameters, solutions for three simplified models are obtained (classical linear momentum equation with damped thermal flux; fractional shear stress constitutive equation with classical Fourier’s law for thermal flux; classical shear stress and thermal flux constitutive equations). It is found that the thermal histories strongly influence the thermal transport for small values of time t. Also, the thermal transport can be enhanced if the thermal fractional parameter decreases or by increasing the nanoparticles’ volume fraction. The velocity field is influenced on the one hand by the temperature of the fluid and on the other by the damping of the velocity gradient introduced by the fractional derivative. Also, the transport motions of the channel walls influence the motion of the fluid layers located near them.
Keywords: model / nonlocal / Fractional / stress and thermal / histories / Robin Type / Channel with Wall

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