Goat Farming and the Phenomenon of Theft in Menoua Division in the Western Region of Cameroon
World Journal of Social Science , Volume 7; doi:10.5430/wjss.v7n2p17
Abstract: This study focuses on the theft of animals, particularly the case of goats in Menoua division in the Western Region of Cameroon. The aim is to analyze the phenomenon of goat theft and to bring out the consequences, including the answers developed and proposed by farmers. A sample of 140 goat breeders and 20 former goat keepers were surveyed and interviews were conducted with 18 authorities and resources person. The primary data obtained is analyzed using descriptive statistical methods with SPSS. Those obtained through the interview guides were analyzed through thematic analysis. It emerges that goats are stolen both during the day and at night. Discreet theft, by car or motorbike, and direct physical assault of the breeder are the main techniques/methods used by thieves. This theft phenomenon leaves consequences, in the social, economic and technical domains, which discourages enthusiasm of breeders and investments in this sector. In reponse, 50% of the breeders’ surveyed keep their goats in the family home which they regularly monitor. 25.6% have taken no action and 12.6% use watchdogs or built pens. These main methods developed against theft remain ineffective. However, vigilance committees used by 3.8% appear to be more productive and contribute to lowering this theft phenomenon whereas security services instead place emphasis on patrols they deem efficient.
Keywords: Cameroon / goats / Interview / Division / Western / Theft / surveyed / phenomenon / breeders / Menoua
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