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Level of Life Quality in Two Selected Mountain Municipalities in Poland

Łukasz Kuta, Justyna Hachoł, Izabela Gołąb-Bogacz
Abstract: The circumstances for conducted this study was a life level assessment in the aspect of mountain community economic development, as well as the safety level at work in the agriculture and in the local industry. The key issue in such places is tourism, which results mainly from natural resources. The studies were performed on a sample of 200 randomly selected inhabitants of the municipalities and 100 tourists. The survey consisted of 15 questions (6 open and 9 closed ones). The findings of the survey show that among the most developmental directions of economy, according to the inhabitants of the two compared municipalities, were tourism and agritourism. Also, most tourists have decided that the natural advantages of the municipalities encourage them to visit both regions. The multi-criteria analysis showed that municipality B is characterized by a higher quality of environment and higher landscape values than the other. Similarly, the natural environment was assessed by the inhabitants of both communes. The greatest problem in both municipalities was unsatisfactory air quality, while the greatest problem of safety at work was pain in the lumbar spine, around the neck and shoulder line. Besides, only 13% (region A) and 6,1% (region B) of the expenditures constituted financial support for the municipal economy, the environmental protection and healthcare. Results from the data analysis show that the described municipalities have significant chances for systematic development in spite of numerous current problems, among which the most important one is unemployment.
Keywords: safety / survey / tourism / life quality / mountain / Economy / municipalities / tourists / Inhabitants

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