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Energy Efficient Direction-Based Topology Control Algorithm for WSN

Asghar Khan Muhammad, Hussain Sadam, Muhammad Asghar Khan, Sadam Hussain
Wireless Sensor Network , Volume 12, pp 37-47; doi:10.4236/wsn.2020.123003

Abstract: A wireless sensor network consists of hundreds or thousands of small nodes which could either have a static or dynamic position. These nodes are deployed through normal or random distribution to report events of a particular area to the base station through sink nodes. Having limited onboard energy of sensor nodes, conservation of energy in wireless sensor network is necessary. For this purpose, a new algorithm is proposed titled Energy-Efficient-Direction-Based-Topology-Control-Algorithm (EEDBTC). In proposed algorithm, direction is the main concern whenever an event occurs the node will send data in the direction of base station so that less energy is consumed. The results of the same were compared with customary dense wireless sensor network, color based WSNs and it was observed that this algorithm is much better than previous topology control algorithms used.
Keywords: Energy Efficiency / energy conservation / sensor nodes / topology control

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