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Pancreatic Polypeptide-Secreting Tumour of the Proximal Pancreas (PPoma)—Ultra Rare Pancreatic Tumour: Clinically Malign, Histologically Benign

Ivan Ilić, Vuka Katić, Pavle Randjelović, Nikola Stojanović, Aleksandra Antovic, Ratko Ilić
Published: 23 August 2019
 by  MDPI
Medicina , Volume 55; doi:10.3390/medicina55090523

Abstract: Background and objectives: Here we report a rare case of a pancreatic polypeptide-secreting tumour (PPoma) discovered by accident during an autopsy. These PPomas occur in less than 2% of all pancreatic neoplasms and are almost exclusively silent, i.e., they are non-functional. Symptoms arising from PPoma are due to its compression of surrounding tissue. Materials and methods: The autopsy was performed on a 68-year-old male diagnosed with multiple endocrine neoplasm type 1 (MEN1) due to the patient’s sudden death. Results: A solitary, densely fibrotic, pink-brown tumour, 18 mm in size tumorous mass, was localised in the head of the pancreas. Microscopically, the tumour had a glandular structure with a tubuloacinar arrangement of the cells. Immunohistochemically, we detected strong PP (pancreatic polypeptide) intracytoplasmic activity and negative glucagon activity. The PPoma was located in the head of the pancreas, likely resulting in the obstruction of the main pancreatic and common bile duct. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting the association of PPomas with MEN1. Also, the PPoma could be the cause of acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis due to its location.
Keywords: pancreatic neoplasms / Neuroendocrine Tumours / pancreatic polypeptide / Ppoma

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