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Highly-Sensitive Detection of Volatile Organic Compound Vapors by Electrospun PANI/P3TI/PMMA Fibers

Sciprofile linkDuy Linh Vu, Sciprofile linkTz-Feng Lin, Sciprofile linkTing-Han Lin, Sciprofile linkMing-Chung Wu
Published: 16 February 2020
 by  MDPI
Polymers , Volume 12; doi:10.3390/polym12020455

Abstract: Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is one of the essential concerns for human health protection and environmental monitoring. In this study, the blending fibers using a donor-acceptor copolymer were fabricated by electrospinning technique and subsequent UV/ozone treatment. The donor-acceptor polymers were polyaniline, P3TI, and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PANI/P3TI/PMMA) fibers with a cylindrical structure and uniform morphology. VOCs were directly adsorbed by the copolymer materials assembled onto a glass surface or metal framework scaffold. Under optimal conditions, the PANI/P3TI/PMMA fibers exhibit rapid response and high selectivity to VOC vapors within 30 min of UV/ozone treatment. Additionally, the optical transmittance changes of the freestanding fibers show significant improvement of more than 10 times to those fibers on glass substrates. It is speculated that the presence of P3TI leads to the formation of a heterojunction and increases the electron reception behavior. The modification of the electronic structure as exposed to VOC vapors tend to significantly alter the optical absorbance of the fibers, leading to the excellent sensing at low VOC concentration.
Keywords: electrospinning / VOCs detection / Uv/ozone Treatment / P3TI / freestanding fibers

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